The main purpose of holding WOC (World Orchid Conference) is to gather cooperation from around the world to protect and study endangered Orchidaceae plants. The big difference in height above sea level in Taiwan makes tropical, sub-tropical, temperate and cold climates exist in the country at the same time. This has enriched the unique ecosystem diversity of the country. And such one of a kind natural environment has become the perfect place for orchid to grow. In the small island, Taiwan, over 400 types of Orchid have been discovered. And this is why it’s called “Orchid Island”.
Orchidaceae is the most widespread and diverse family compared to other flowering plants all over the world. In fact, many of commonly seen plants in our daily life are Orchidaceae. Moreover, the existence of Orchidaceae can be traced back to the Dinosauria era. Researchers discovered a bee carrying primeval orchid pollen in an ancient amber fossil which has proved that Orchidaceae has existed on Earth at least 76 to 80 million years ago. Passing through such long time, Orchidaceae overcame plenty extinctive catastrophes and survived till now.
However, with the development of mankind and exploitation of structures, many habitats of wild animals and plants have been destroyed. This has endangered those animals and plants, and Orchidaceae has no exception. Now, except for mutant orchid or those cultivated by human, all wild Orchidaceae plants are listed under the protection of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) to balance mankind civilization and technology development and ecosystem conservation.
Having ample wild Orchid resources and conservation research experiences, Taiwan has earned the honor to hold the 23rd World Orchid Conference. In the 23rd WOC, Taiwan hopes the conference to not only discuss the conservation of Orchid, but have more exchanging and sharing, and even deepen the responsibility and ideal to build a platform.
Therefore, the 23rd WOC will be constructed by four themes:
Together We See The Orchid.
Explore the indigenous species and protect the habitats
The concept of Native comes from the respect towards the diversity of lives and environmental education. Since the orchid family is big and it's difficult to distinguish the Orchidaceae plants that haven’t bloomed, scientists believe that there are still many native orchids in the world that haven’t been found. These native orchids might be distinct before they are found due to the urbanization. Therefore, putting more efforts on exploring the indigenous species and protecting the habitats become urgent while the whole world is busy developing the cities.
Rehabilitate and cultivate the orchid species
The idea of conservation comes from the speed of Orchidaceae plants distinction is getting worse. If we find the new species of native orchids but we can’t give them a habitat to protect them or habilitate the species, then we would still lose this orchid species in the end. Thus, the concept of conservation is to improve our cultivation and rehabilitation skills and promote Orchidaceae plants.
Combine and develop the industry of orchid
The concept of diversity comes from the maturity and development of the orchid industrial chain which cultivates more orchids that can be planted and seen at home and create the economic miracle of orchids. The ornamental orchids can be done through artificial propagation instead of getting the orchids through black market. In this way, we can protect the habitats of orchids from stealing. While developing the industry, we can also assist the flower growers to transform into learning quality agriculture and train more orchid breeders.
International communication and promotion of education
The idea of share comes from sustainable operation. Since conservation of orchids is developing and improving, we can’t just do our own job but connecting ourselves to the world. We can communicate and share our industry with other. In the meanwhile, we can promote and deepen correct conservation ideas in order to pass down the conservation of orchids through generations.